Posts for: #networking

Banana Pi BPI-R4: WiFi 7 Router Board Powered by MediaTek Filogic 880 Processor

Banana Pi has released a new WiFi 7 router board called the BPI-R4. This router board is powered by the MediaTek MT7988A (Filogic 880) quad-core Arm Corex-A73 processor. It features 4GB DDR4 RAM, 8GB eMMC flash, and 128MB SPI-NAND flash.

The BPI-R4 also includes two 10GbE SFP cages, four Gigabit Ethernet RJ45 ports, a USB 3.2 port, an M.2 socket for a 4G/5G modem or an NVMe SSD, and two mini PCIe slots with PCIe 3.0 to support WiFi 7.

The specifications of the Banana Pi BPI-R4 are as follows:

  • SoC: MediaTek MT7988A (Filogic 880) quad-core Arm Corex-A73 processor @ 1.8GHz with AI-powered packet accelerator
  • System Memory: 4GB DDR4
  • Storage: 8GB eMMC flash, 128MB SPI NAND Flash, microSD card slot, M.2 Key M for NVMe SSD
  • Networking: 2x 10GbE SFP cages, 4x Gigabit Ethernet RJ45 ports
  • USB: USB 3.2 port
  • Expansion: M.2 Key-B slot with USB 3.2 interface for 5G or 4G LTE connectivity, M.2 Key-M slot with 1-lane PCIe 3.0 for NVMe SSD, 2x mini PCIe slots with 2-lane PCIe 3.0 for Wi-Fi 7 NIC, 26-pin GPIO header for expansion
  • Debugging: 3-pin header for 3.3V serial console
  • Misc: Reset button, WPS button, bootstrap switch, RTC battery connector
  • Power Supply: 12V/5.2A or 19V/3.2A via DC jack, 20V DC input via header, optional PoE module (RT5400), 5V/12V output header
  • Dimensions: 148 x 100.5 mm
  • Weight: 250 grams

The Banana Pi BPI-R4 currently has three OpenWrt images available for eMMC, NAND flash, or microSD card boot. A Debian image is also in development. The board does not come with a WiFi 7 module by default but can support it through the two mini PCIe sockets.

The WiFi 7 iPA NIC Module, which can be added to the BPI-R4, is based on a four-chip design with MediaTek MT7996 (WiFi 7 tri-band BE19000 SoC), MT7995N (2.4 GHz WiFi), MT7977AN (6 GHz), and MT7977B (6 GHz).

The Banana Pi BPI-R4 is available for purchase on Aliexpress for $103.15, but the WiFi 7 card must be purchased separately. Coupon codes are available for discounts during the Black Friday promotion.

Overall, the Banana Pi BPI-R4 is a powerful WiFi 7 router board with a range of features and expandability options.

Source: CNX Software – Embedded Systems News.

MediaTek Launches Filogic 860 & Filogic 360 WiFi 7 Chipsets for Mainstream BE7200 Routers and Clients

MediaTek has introduced two new WiFi 7 chipsets, the Filogic 860 and Filogic 360, targeting mainstream routers and client devices. The Filogic 860 features a tri-core Arm Cortex-A73 SoC designed for up to BE7200 routers and gateways, while the Filogic 360 is a WiFi 7 and Bluetooth 5.4 chip designed for smartphones, PCs, laptops, set-top boxes, and OTT streaming boxes, offering up to 2.9 Gbps bandwidth.

The Filogic 860 and Filogic 360 chipsets provide more cost-effective alternatives to the previously introduced Filogic 880 SoC for up to BE36000 routers and Filogic 380 clients chip, which can achieve up to 6.5 Gbps PHY data rate.

MediaTek Filogic 860 Specifications:

  • CPU – 3x Arm Cortex-A73 cores clocked at up to 1.8 GHz
  • Network Processing Unit (NPU) – Hardware QoS acceleration and Tunneling Offload Engine for VLAN / PPTP / L2TP / GRE
  • Networking Crypto engine (EIP-197) – For IPv4 NATP / IPv6 / DS-Lite / 6RD acceleration
  • Memory I/F – DDR3, DDR4
  • Storage I/F – SPI-NOR, SPI-NAND, eMMC, SD
  • Networking
    • Wi-Fi 7 (802.11a/b/g/n/ac/ax/be)
      • Up to 7.2 Gbps (BE7200) PHY performance
      • Tri-band support – 2.4GHz, 5GHz, 6GHz
      • Key Features – BW40 (2.4Ghz), BW160 (5/6GHz), 4096-QAM, MLO, MRU, and AFC
      • Antenna – 4×4 (2.4GHz) + 5×5 (5/6GHz); Filogic Xtra range to boost receiving distance using an extra antenna
    • Ethernet
      • 1x 10GbE (USXGMII)
      • 1x 2.5GbE PHY
      • 4x 1GbE interfaces
  • USB – 2x USB 3.2 up to 5 Gbps each
  • PCIe – PCIe 3.0 up to 10 Gbps
  • Other I/Os – UART, SPI, PWM, GPIO and OTP

The Filogic 860 is expected to be used in WiFi 7 enterprise access points, service provider Ethernet gateways, mesh nodes, retail routers, and IoT router applications. Although software support details are not provided, MediaTek is likely to offer support for Linux-based distributions such as OpenWrt and/or Debian.

MediaTek Filogic 360 Specifications:

  • Wi-Fi
    • Wi-Fi 7 (802.11a/b/g/n/ac/ax/be)
    • Tri-band – 2.4GHz, 5GHz, 6GHz
    • Antenna – 2×2 triple-band
    • Max Throughput – Up to 2.9Gbps
    • Wi-Fi 7 Features – Up to 160MHz BW, 4096-QAM, Hybrid MLO (eMLSR), MRU
  • Bluetooth Dual 5.4, LE Audio
  • MediaTek Bluetooth and Wi-Fi coexistence technology
  • Single chip with RF, Baseband, MAC, iFEM
  • Host interface – PCI Express 2.1 or USB 3.0

The MediaTek Filogic 860 and Filogic 360 WiFi 7 chipsets are currently available for sampling to customers, with mass production scheduled for mid-2024. Therefore, routers, gateways, and client devices utilizing these new chips are expected to hit the market in the second half of 2024. More information can be found on the respective product pages and in the press release.

Source: CNX Software – Embedded Systems News.

Netmaker Releases Version v0.21.2 of WireGuard Mesh VPN

Netmaker, a tool that creates networks using WireGuard, has released version v0.21.2. This tool automates the creation of fast, secure, and distributed virtual networks. Netmaker leverages Kernel WireGuard, which provides maximum speed, performance, and security for the virtual networks it creates.

The latest release, v0.21.2, brings several improvements and fixes to Netmaker. Some of the new features include auto relay via enrollment key and improvements in local routing.

In terms of fixes, the release addresses an inconsistency in DNS entries for networks, ensures validation of unique network CIDR, fixes caching discrepancies in extclient, resolves issues with deleted node peer updates when disconnected from the network, and adds a force deletion option for daemon nodes stuck in the removing state.

However, there are a few known issues with this release. The Windows installer does not install WireGuard, and the netclient-gui may continuously display an error dialog if the Netmaker server is offline. Additionally, there are IPv6 address and route issues on Mac, and the network tab in netclient-gui may appear blank after disconnecting.

Overall, Netmaker’s latest release offers improved functionality and fixes for a smoother experience in creating virtual networks with WireGuard.

Netgate Launches Latest pfSense CE Software Version 2.7.1

Netgate, the provider of pfSense Community Edition (CE) software, has announced the release of version 2.7.1. pfSense CE is an open-source project that has been supported by Netgate since 2008. The source code for the project is available on GitHub under the Apache 2.0 open-source license. pfSense CE can be used on common hardware to build routers and more.

One major change in this release is the upgrade of OpenSSL to version 3.0.12. This upgrade was necessary as OpenSSL 1.1.1 has reached its End of Life and will no longer receive security patches. With the upgrade to OpenSSL 3.0.12, older and weaker encryption and hash algorithms have been removed, and security certificates based on these algorithms have been deprecated. It is highly recommended to review the release notes and Netgate’s blog post on this topic before performing the upgrade.

Another notable feature in version 2.7.1 is the addition of Kea DHCP as an opt-in feature. While basic functionality is present, it is not yet feature-complete. Switching to the Kea DHCP server can be done through the web interface by navigating to System > Advanced and changing the server backend radio button in the DHCP Options section to “Kea DHCP”. It is important to note that switching to Kea DHCP may result in ignored hostnames for devices on the network that were assigned using static leases or rely on dynamic lease registration in DNS.

This release also includes improved support for SCTP (Stream Control Transmission Protocol) in PF for firewall rules, NAT, and logging. Rules can now act on SCTP packets by port number, whereas previously it was only possible to filter on source or destination address. Additionally, the IPv6 Router Advertisement configuration has been relocated to Services > Router Advertisement as part of the ongoing integration of the Kea DHCP server.

Other changes in version 2.7.1 include the upgrade of PHP to version 8.2.11 and the base operating system to a more recent point of FreeBSD 14-CURRENT. The release also addresses various bugs and issues.

Source: pfSense.

Firefly ROC-RK3588-RT SBC: Three Ethernet Ports for Enhanced Connectivity

Firefly has released the ROC-RK3588-RT, a single-board computer (SBC) powered by the Rockchip RK3588(J) processor. The SBC is designed for networking applications such as routers and firewalls, and it comes with one 2.5GbE port and two gigabit Ethernet ports. It is available in both commercial and industrial temperature grades.

The Firefly ROC-RK3588-RT is not limited to networking applications, as it also features three video output interfaces (2x HDMI and USB-C DisplayPort), M.2 sockets for a SATA or NVMe SSD, a WiFi 6/Bluetooth 5.2 module, a 6 TOPS NPU embedded in the Rockchip processor, and a non-standard expansion connector with PCIe Gen 3 and other interfaces.

The specifications of the Firefly ROC-RK3588-RT include:

  • SoC: Rockchip RK3588 or Rockchip RK3588J
  • System Memory: 4GB, 8GB, 16GB, or 32GB LPDDR4/LPDDR4x/LPDDR5
  • Storage: 32GB, 64GB, or 128GB eMMC flash, M.2 SATA/PCIe 2242 NVMe SSD, MicroSD card slot
  • Video Output: HDMI 2.1 up to 8Kp60, HDMI 2.0 up to 4Kp60, USB-C port for DisplayPort 1.4 up to 8Kp30
  • Networking: 2.5GbE RJ45 ports, 2x gigabit Ethernet RJ45 ports, optional WiFi 6 and Bluetooth 5.0 via M.2 E-Key 2230 socket
  • USB: 1x USB 3.0 port, 1x USB 2.0 port, 1x USB-C 3.0 OTG port with DisplayPort Alt mode
  • Expansion: M.2 SATA/PCIe 2242 socket for SSD, M.2 E-Key 2230 socket for WiFi and Bluetooth module, 60-pin “BTB” connector with PCIe Gen 3, UART, USB, CAN bus, SARADC, GPIOs
  • Power Supply: 12V DC via 5.5/2.1mm power barrel jack
  • Dimensions: 108.48 x 74.98mm
  • Temperature Range: Commercial (-20°C to +60°C), Industrial (-40°C to 85°C)
  • Humidity: 10% to 90% RH non-condensing

Source: CNX Software – Embedded Systems News.

Netgate Launches pfSense CE Software Version 2.7.1 Release Candidate

Netgate has announced the Release Candidate (RC) of pfSense CE software version 2.7.1. This open-source project, supported by Netgate since 2008, is a widely-used firewall and routing platform. The RC release is an opportunity for users to try out the new version and provide feedback.

The major changes and features in pfSense CE software version 2.7.1 include:

  1. Upgraded OpenSSL to version 3.0.12: This upgrade was necessary as OpenSSL 1.1.1 has reached its End of Life and will no longer receive security patches. The upgrade removes older and weaker encryption and hash algorithms, improving security.

  2. Kea DHCP added as an opt-in feature: The Kea DHCP server is now available as an optional feature. While it is not feature complete in this version, users can switch to Kea DHCP by navigating to the System > Advanced menu and changing the DHCP Options to “Kea DHCP”. However, switching to Kea DHCP may result in the ignoring of assigned hostnames and dynamic lease registration in DNS.

  3. Improved support for SCTP: Support for SCTP in firewall rules, NAT, and logging has been enhanced. Users can now filter SCTP packets by port number, in addition to source and destination address.

  4. IPv6 Router Configuration moved: The IPv6 Router Advertisement configuration has been relocated to Services > Router Advertisement as part of the integration with the Kea DHCP server.

Other changes in this release include upgrading PHP to version 8.2.11, upgrading the base operating system to a more recent point of FreeBSD 14-CURRENT, and addressing various bugs and issues.

Testing of the RC software release is crucial to ensure its reliability and robustness for all users. Netgate encourages users to download and test the release candidate, and provide feedback on any issues they encounter.

To install the upgrade, users can follow the detailed Upgrade Guide available in the pfSense documentation. It is recommended to back up the pfSense CE configuration prior to the upgrade. The upgrade can be performed through the web interface by navigating to System > Update and setting the Branch to “Next Stable Version (2.7.1-RC)”.